Engineering Steel is a steel that has had small amounts of one or more alloying elements (other than carbon) such as such as manganese, silicon, nickel, titanium, copper, chromium and aluminum added. This produces specific properties that are not found in regular carbon steel.
Engineering Steels are workhorses of industry because of their economical cost, wide availability, ease of processing, and good mechanical properties. Alloy steels are generally more responsive to heat and mechanical treatments than carbon steels.
Copper alloys generally exhibit good to excellent corrosion resistance and high thermal conductivity and very high electrical conductivity.
Pure copper’s electrical conductivity is so high that many metals are measured against it in the form of the IACS (International Annealed Copper Standard).
Applications include architectural uses, coinage, condenser/heat exchangers, plumbing, radiator cores, musical instruments, locks, fasteners, hinges, ammunition components, and electrical connectors.
Small amounts of alloying elements are often added to it to improve certain characteristics. Alloying can increase or reduce the strength, hardness, electrical and thermal conductivity, corrosion resistance, or change the color. Common primary alloying elements include tin (resulting in bronze) or zinc (resulting in brass).
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